4. Lunar Eclipse
Lunar eclipses are classified as partial or total and penumbral. The duration and type of eclipse depends on the location of the Moon with respect to its orbital nodes. Unlike solar eclipses, which can only be seen from a relatively small part of the Earth and last a few minutes, a lunar eclipse can be seen from anywhere on Earth where it is at night and lasts for several hours. .
5. Great Blue Hole
This world well, considered a world heritage site, is a large marine sinkhole in the center of the Lighthouse Reef, a small atoll located 100 kilometers from the continental coast and Belize City. It is more than 300 meters wide and 123 meters deep, which makes it the largest in the world, but not the deepest: Dean's Blue Hole, in the Bahamas, has a vertical cave of 202 meters. It was formed as a limestone cave system during the last ice age, when sea levels were much lower. As the sea began to rise again, the caves were flooded, and the roof collapsed. It is believed to be the world's largest phenomenon of its kind
The Moeraki Boulders are large, spherical rocks situated along a stretch of Koekohe Beach on the New Zealand coast between Moeraki and Hampden. A group of rocks in a stretch of beach have been protected in a scientific reserve for its singularity. Mudstone wave erosion, which includes the bedrock and local landslides, often exposes these gray rocks to these beach shapes by coastal erosion. The rocks were described in colonial reports and numerous popular articles since 1850. In more recent times they have become a popular tourist attraction, usually appearing in tourist guides as a point of interest.
7. Monarch butterfly migration
The monarch butterfly is unique in its extraordinary migratory phenomenon. It is the insect that carries out the most extensive migration and in greater numbers. The wings feature an easily recognizable orange and black color pattern. Its great resistance and longevity can live up to 9 months, while other species can live up to 24 days. Thanks to these characteristics, it can travel up to 4 thousand kilometers from Canada to the Oyamel forests in Mexico.
8. Lenticular clouds
These clouds, which are generally shaped like a smooth lens, are stationary and form at high altitudes in mountainous areas and isolated from other clouds. Clusters of overlapping lenticular clouds can also form, known as a cloud wave. Among mountaineers these clouds are considered a harbinger of storm. When viewed from the surface, the clouds appear motionless as air rushes through them and is avoided by airline pilots due to the turbulence created in the rotor systems.
9. Morning glory cloud
The morning glory cloud is a rare meteorological phenomenon that you can observe south of the Gulf of Carpentaria, in Australia. A morning glory cloud is a cloud and creates the appearance of a roll, while the air in the middle and back of the cloud becomes turbulent and sinks. It can reach up to 1000 kilometers long, one to two kilometers high and can travel at speeds of up to 60 km / h. The morning glory is usually accompanied by sudden gusts of wind and intense low-level shears, at the front of the cloud there are strong vertical movements that carry air through the cloud. The peculiarity of this cloud is that the wave has a single crest and moves without changing speed or shape. Although it has been studied in depth, the phenomenon of this cloud is not yet clearly understood.
10. Traveling stones
Navigating stones, also known as sliding stones and moving stones, are a geological phenomenon whereby rocks move without human or animal intervention and leave long groove-like tracks on a flat surface. The stones move only every two to three years, and most of their tracks are preserved for three to four years. The stones that begin their journey together with others, can travel in parallel until some of them deviate in any direction or even backward. This phenomenon can be found in the Sahara desert, Tunisia or at Racetrack Playa in the Death Valley of California, United States. Scientists have discovered that a thin layer of ice forms on the surface of this desert lake and then breaks into pieces that move the stones thanks to the momentum of the breeze. The mystery has been solved but it is still something very curious.
11. Volcanic lightning
One of the most terrifying phenomena that accompanies volcanic eruptions is the lightning that surrounds the column of volcanic ash that rises into the sky. This phenomenon, called volcanic lightning, is perhaps one of the least studied, but it could provide information about what happens inside the volcanic caldera, where magma is stored. Volcanic flames produce immense amounts of electrical and static charge. In some cases this can cause a violent electrical storm.
12. Supercell storms
The supercell is an immense rotating storm that can last several hours as a single entity. These storms usually occur in the great plains of the US and Argentina. Supercells tend to form under conditions of high instability, and high winds at high altitudes. They also have a more organized system of internal circulation that makes them last much longer than others. Strong rotating currents are common in the supercell, making it potentially the most dangerous of the convective storm types. They can produce strong winds, large hailstorms, and long-duration tornadoes over a long trajectory.
13. Green sunrise and sunset
Sunrise or sunset occurs for a few seconds when the sun begins to drop below or rise above the horizon. Weather conditions have to be right to allow sunlight to bend in the atmosphere and briefly appear as a green flash.
14. Steam towers
The Hverir area at the foot of Námaskard and near Lake Mývatn is an incredibly geothermally active area, steam and gas towers rise from the bodies of water and mud as if boiling. When combined with the Aurora Borealis there is a phenomenon
less unique. This solfatara is an impossible color palette, of cracked earth with water that emanates from the earth at about 100 degrees centigrade. The bowels of the earth appear in Iceland. Solfatara is a type of geological terrain where water vapor containing hydrogen sulfide is released through cracks. Solfataras are found mostly in Iceland and Yellowstone National Park.
15. Buzz of Taos
Some residents and visitors to the small town of Taos have heard for many years an annoying, disconcerting and mysterious low-frequency hum in the desert air. They describe this sound with that of a diesel engine sounding through the windows. This curious phenomenon is called the "hum of Taos". Interestingly, only about 2% of Taos residents say they have heard this sound. The numerous expeditions that have traveled there to investigate the phenomenon have never been able to pinpoint where it comes from and what the buzz is due to.