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Urine infections occur when bacteria enter the bladder or urethra.
The bacteria that cause most infections are those in the intestine. These bacteria pass from the outer skin through the urethra into the bladder.
Urine infections tend to be more frequent in adulthood, but it is also an important pathology during childhood
Up to 6 months life, urine infection is more common in children, but from that age the incidence in girls multiplied by 10.
It is estimated that up to 5% of school-age girls will have this pathology.
Girls have more infections because the urethra is shorter than in boys, and it is easier for germs to enter the bladder. Also, the opening of the urethra is closer to the anus, where the germs that cause urine infections normally come from.
Urinary tract infections can manifest in many ways.
In the case of babies, the symptoms are usually diffuse. The baby may be more irritable than normal, maybe I don't want to eat, suffers of vomiting and diarrhea, and / or have a diaper rash. You can also have feveralthough it is not usually a high fever.
In children may have some or all of the above symptoms and may also have stomachache, Need to go to the bathroom a lot and urgency, and painful urination. Your urine may smell stronger and be darker.
Urine infection can make some children unable to hold their urine and re-wet their beds at night or clothes during the day because they cannot get to the bathroom quickly enough.
If it appears that a baby or child may have a urine infection, a urine culture.
A urine culture It consists of "cultivating" the bacteria causing the infection in a special gel to be able to know which germ it is and thus determine which antibiotics will be the most appropriate to eliminate it. A culture takes a few days.
Another way is through test strips that when introducing them in the urine sample detects the existence of an infection. This method is not as effective as culture, and it may be normal, even if a child has an infection.
Most children with urinary tract infections will need antibiotics. These can be administered orally or intravenously.
In addition to antibiotics, children with urinary infections need break And a little extra attention because they don't feel good. They should also take much liquid to help clear the infection.
For prevent urinary infections it is very important that children maintain a proper hygiene. Do not leave diapers for a long time without changing, avoid humidity, try to make them go to the bathroom regularly (do not hold their pee for too long) and, in general, have good hygiene all over the body and especially in the area intimate.